Here's how to outwit malware on your computers

Here’s how to outwit malware on your computers

Spyware will not necessarily ask you for a ransom, but it will monitor your activities and record your data without your knowledge.

Furthermore, these malicious programs or snitches can do everything from hijacking your webcam video link to recording your keystrokes. From there, they can also collect enough personal data to steal your identity, take over your accounts, or expose your digital life.

But with a little discipline, a careful eye, and a few dollars a year, you can keep yourself safe from spyware.

Update your system and software

Let’s start with good news, even as spyware gets smarter and more sophisticated, so do web browsers and operating systems as they integrate more security tools. However, and it costs nothing, you should always keep your system, programs, and security tools up to date with the latest patches released by your vendors.

Protect your system with antivirus software

Along with system updates, strong antivirus software for Windows and macOS will protect you against a wide range of malware, keyloggers, and other webcam attacks.

Before choosing antivirus software, count the number of devices to protect; In addition to your computers, there are surely tablets and smartphones in the home.

To cover them, there are plans on the market that cover all types of devices; Bitdefender, McAfee, Norton, Avira, Avast are just a short list of antivirus vendors. Visit www.av-comparatives.org for independent reviews. By shopping around, you can lower your annual cost if you subscribe for more than a year.

About macOS protection

Despite the qualities of the macOS system, experts recommend strengthening its defenses by adding an antivirus package. There are several good reasons for this. First, Apple’s approach might be adequate for well-established malware if it updates as soon as they’re released, but may not respond quickly enough to new threats. Second, you get broader coverage against malware. Third, macOS is not immune to bugs. For more details on the antiviral defense functions, read the note


at the end of the text.

Here’s how to outwit malware on your computers

On the Windows 10/11 system side, the situation is simpler, Microsoft already offers its own antivirus software, Windows Security, please use it. On the other hand, your other devices will still require an antivirus.

If you want more protection on Windows, the free version of Spybot Search & Destroy performs deep scans as an extra layer of defense. Or even Norton Power Eraser if you suspect that your main antivirus seems unable to detect the possible pirate program.


As long as you install one of these antivirus packages, you greatly reduce the risk of infection on your computer, between your devices or those of your friends or colleagues who transfer files to you on USB keys.

Microsoft Windows Security

Microsoft

Microsoft Windows Security

More than one user per computer?

Similarly, even if all family members are trusted, do not share your own user account with another person. Protect these accounts with passwords and create one account per user. On Windows, do this by going to Settings > Accounts; in macOS, go to Apple menu > System Preferences > Users & Groups.

Be careful what you install

Also, you will need to be careful about what you install on your computer and where you download it from.

Harmless messages, email attachments, social media content, fraudulent web links, and computer threats can come from anywhere.


Be sure to get your new software from trusted sources or from the Apple, Google, or Windows app stores.  Same logic for web browsers and their extensions and plugins.  For the latter, read their features carefully, some, you will see, are real snitches despite the advantages they offer.  Remember that nothing is free.

Here’s how to outwit malware on your computers

Watch for suspicious signs

If, despite your software’s defenses and discipline, your computer appears to be performing suspicious actions, such as a sudden drop in performance, high CPU or hard drive usage, or an unexpected application launch in the middle of of a session, is that there is an eel under a rock. Or windows that appear briefly and then disappear again, a sign that a program is loading and then hides.

Other strange actions include mouse movements or unexplained text input, which can be a sign that something unknown is working in the background; changes to operating system settings; and the appearance of application shortcuts that you had not noticed before.

To get to the bottom, in Windows, go to Task Manager, select the Processes tab to check the applications and all processes in use. On macOS, open the Activity Monitor tool, use Command+1 to open the Activity Monitor window (also available from the Windows menu), and select the Processor tab to sort the list of programs based on the system resources you have.

This may seem very complicated, but keep an eye out for suspicious or unknown processes and do a quick web search of their names to find out what they are.

For example, a malicious program could use your computer’s “free” processing capabilities to generate (mine) bitcoins.


With all these precautions and above all by adopting good habits, the chances of a malicious program taking your favorite system hostage are very slim.  Don't neglect them.

Here’s how to outwit malware on your computers

* To understand how macOS defenses work, Apple has added some anti-malware features. First, there is the “Guardian”, which warns when applications without a digital signature are running. Then there’s “XProtect”, which checks files against known malware signatures. Finally, Apple provides the MRT (Malware Removal Tool). Gatekeeper and MRT are essentially invisible to users and have no direct user interface.
#Heres #outwit #malware #computers

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