A nail that is cracked or brittle, yellowish or tan, thick or hardened… It is usually easy to spot the symptoms of nail fungus. Onychomycosis, its scientific name, is usually painless at first. But as the infection grows, it can be so painful that it can be difficult to wear shoes. In the following phases, the fungal disease may be more resistant to different treatments. But where does it come from? How to get rid of it permanently? And what are the preventions? Answers in the article.
Nail fungus: where do they come from?
Fungi invisible to the naked eye are solely responsible for nail fungus. There are several ways to get this fungal disease:
- Skin contact with other people’s personal items, such as towels or nail clippers.
- Skin contact with fertile environments for fungi, especially humid areas such as saunas, locker rooms, and swimming pool edges.
- Skin contact with a person who has a nail fungus or a nail fungus.
- A cracked nail or skin.
- Wear sweaty shoes or socks.
It is worth noting that anyone can get nail fungus. However, some are more likely to get it, including:
- Those who have recently undergone an organ transplant.
- Those who suffer from autoimmune or chronic diseases, such as HIV, psoriasis, diabetes or cancer.
- Those with an injured nail or an existing fungal infection.
- Those with poor blood circulation.
- Those who live in a place where the climate is hot and humid.
- People who are always stressed.
- Those who are under treatment with antibiotics.
- Women who take birth control pills.
Nail fungus: what are the different treatments?
Depending on the severity of the infection, there is an appropriate treatment:
— Mycosis of the nails: natural treatment:
If the case is mild, natural remedies can be an excellent option to cure nail fungus. One of the most effective is the mixture of essential oils of tea tree and wheat germ. If the infection reappears, we use a potion composed of vegetable oils from tea tree, lavender, gelatin and cedar.
As for the dosage, two or three drops of the remedy should be applied directly on the infected part. We repeat the gesture once a day until the mycosis disappears completely. Treatment can take a long time, sometimes lasting more than a year.
— Antifungal nail polishes:
This solution is also intended for people with the infection, whose infection is still in the first stage. Recommended antifungal nail polishes include tavaborol, efinaconazole, ciclopirox, and amorolfine. Knowing that the last two are the most common against nail fungus and the development of fungus. They follow the same dosage as natural remedies.
— Oral treatments:
If the case is moderate or severe, oral treatments are necessary. It is advisable to combine them with the solutions mentioned above to ensure high efficiency.
The most common oral medications to prevent the growth of nail fungus are terbinafine, itraconazole, griseofulvin, and fluconazole. They have been shown to be very effective in curing nail fungus. However, they can cause serious side effects such as heart and liver failure. This is the reason why the accompaniment of a doctor during treatment is necessary.
— Nail removal
In case the infected person does not respond positively to other nail fungus treatments, this option becomes necessary. This involves surgically removing the infected nail or applying a product to it to allow it to fall off on its own.
In addition, it should be noted that this treatment technique differs from podiatric treatment, which consists of thinning thick nails. The latter is in fact a solution to improve the aesthetics of the infected area, but also to reduce the numbers of small organisms responsible for mycosis.
— Nail mycoses: laser treatment
Surely this is the answer to the question.” How to cure toenail fungus fast? In fact, it is a fast treatment, but also safe and effective. However, it is reserved for people who do not want to lose their nails and who have a tolerance for antifungal drugs. It is used to apply the laser to the infected area to kill the fungus and slow down the development of the infection.
What are the correct steps to take to prevent them?
You can prevent nail fungus by adopting good daily habits:
- The disinfection of all care accessories (files, nail clippers, etc.) is essential before and after use.
- In case of infection, used underwear must be sterilized. You have to boil them.
- Fingernails should always be clean and kept short.
- Avoid fungus-prone nail polishes.
- After washing your hands or feet, it is crucial to dry yourself well, remembering the spaces between your fingers and toes.
- You should use a clean towel every day. Avoid using someone else’s.
- Always wear clean socks. Cotton models are preferred.
- Avoid tight shoes and socks.
- Sandals are required in humid areas, especially saunas, steam rooms, swimming pools.
- Eat a varied diet and prefer foods rich in probiotics.
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