Presse Santé

Knee osteoarthritis: this pathology that paralyzes our activity.

As we age, our joints wear down and deteriorate. For some, this can lead to osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis, affecting approximately 15% of the French population. It occurs when the cartilage that protects the ends of the bones wears down, causing pain and stiffness in the joint. Fortunately, some treatments can help relieve symptoms. If you suffer from osteoarthritis of the knee, read the following to better manage your disease from now on.

Where does knee osteoarthritis come from?

Osteoarthritis is a common problem that can cause joint stiffness and pain. The knee is one of the most commonly affected joints, and several different factors can contribute to the development of knee osteoarthritis. One of the most important is age. Obesity can also contribute to knee osteoarthritis because the extra weight puts extra pressure on the knees.

Finally, people who have had previous knee injuries are also more likely to develop osteoarthritis in the future. If you experience pain or stiffness in your knees, it’s important to see a doctor so they can determine if you have osteoarthritis and develop a treatment plan.

How to know if you are at the beginning of knee osteoarthritis? What are the other symptoms?

Knowing if you are in the early stages of knee osteoarthritis is important because it can help you take steps to prevent the disease from progressing. Some signs of early knee osteoarthritis include hip or knee pain, swelling in the knee joint, and knee stiffness. The most common symptoms of knee osteoarthritis are:

  • Rigidity: You may experience it especially in the morning or after sitting for long hours.
  • Loss of movement: Over time, you may lose the ability to fully bend and straighten your knee.
  • Crackling and squeaking (crackling): You may hear a crack or feel a grinding sensation.
  • Instability: Your knee may ‘give’, twist out of shape, or look like it might.

If you experience one or more of these symptoms, see your doctor for a more specific diagnosis. There are many treatments to relieve the pain and inflammation associated with osteoarthritis of the knee, so don’t wait until you have severe symptoms to see your doctor.

How to manage your osteoarthritis?

Of course, you can control your arthritis and keep it from getting worse. First of all, it is important to stay active and monitor the maintenance of a healthy weight. Regular physical activity is necessary to reduce the pressure on the joints.

There are also a number of other treatments that can help, including physical therapy, pain relievers, and assistive devices. Share with your doctor how you feel to advise him on the appropriate treatment options. Finally, be sure to listen to your body and rest when you need it. Don’t push yourself too hard and listen to your body when it tells you to take a break.

Tips for living with osteoarthritis.

If you are one of the millions living with osteoarthritis, you know that this disease can make daily activities painful and difficult. Although there is no cure for osteoarthritis, there are steps you can take to manage your symptoms and lead a full and active life. Here are some tips :

  • First, stay active. Exercise can help improve joint function and flexibility, and it also helps reduce pain. Swimming, walking, and yoga are good options.
  • Second, eat a healthy diet. Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help reduce inflammation and ease joint pain. It is better to opt for foods that contain a significant amount of omega-3 fatty acids that help in the regeneration of bone structure.
  • Third, use heat or cold therapy. It is sure that the swelling and pain of the knee can be relieved with the application of this therapy. You can use a heating pad, take a hot bath, or use an ice pack wrapped in a towel.
  • Fourth, try prescription medications that your GP must pre-prescribe. Otherwise, there are several over-the-counter medications that can help with arthritis pain, including ibuprofen, acetaminophen (paracetamol), and naproxen sodium. If these medications aren’t right for you, talk to a qualified rheumatologist.

Finally, consider complementary therapies. Like acupuncture or massage. They are known for their calming and calming effects which, in turn, reduce pain and promote joint function. Talk to your doctor about which one is best for your situation. If you have osteoarthritis, these tips can help you manage your symptoms and live life to the fullest despite the disease.

What should not be overlooked!

  • Lose weight (if necessary) to reduce stress on your knees.
  • Keep moving by doing activities like swimming, biking, or walking.
  • Try physical therapy. A therapist may suggest exercises to increase strength, range of motion, and flexibility.
  • Try a topical cream that contains ingredients like capsaicin, menthol, or camphor. Or, gels or creams containing NSAIDs, lidocaine, and salicylates may be applied to the knee.
  • Don’t ignore surgical treatments recommended by your doctor, which may limit the severity of your osteoarthritis. Rely on several consultations to be sure when making any decision.

* Presse Santé strives to transmit health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE, the information provided can not replace the advice of a health professional.

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