Super moon 2022: effect, observation, all about the Super Thunder Moon

Super moon 2022: effect, observation, all about the Super Thunder Moon

LARGE MOON. This Wednesday, July 13, 2022, look up to the sky to observe the “Super Thunder Moon”. What time to observe it? How far from Earth? What effects? Know everything.

[Mis à jour le 13 juillet 2022 à 20h20] Warning to moonlight lovers, the Supermoon this Wednesday night, July 13, the eve of National Day, will be spectacular! Once again, the full moon will be closer to our blue planet and we will be able to see it bigger and brighter than usual, a phenomenon that is nicknamed a “supermoon” but that scientists prefer to call “perigee-syzygy”, when the la A full moon is at the closest point in its orbit to Earth.

Waiting for photos with weather as conducive to observation as the previous Super Moon, here are the most beautiful photos of the Super Moon of June 14, taken in France, the United States, China or even Russia:

For those who miss the astronomical event, a third and last Super Moon will be visible on August 10 of this year, 2022. Another astronomical phenomenon, comet C/2017 K2, will pass closer to Earth tomorrow, July 14, but only visible from a telescope. . Find out below all the information on the distance of the Supermoon from our Earth, its observation in mainland France or elsewhere, and its scientifically proven effects.

The Supermoon on July 13 will be at its perigee precisely at 11:50 a.m., according to the Institute of Celestial Mechanics and Ephemeris Calculation (IMCCE). Its observation in France will only be possible from moonrise at 10:23 p.m. until 4:52 a.m. on July 14, the National Holiday.

The phenomenon baptized as “supermoon” by astrologer Richard Nolle, but which scientists prefer to call “perigee-syzygy phenomenon”, occurs when the point of the lunar orbit is at a minimum distance from Earth. When is the Moon closest to Earth? When it is at a distance of less than 360,000 km (the average distance between the Earth and the Moon is 384,400 km) according to the Paris Observatory. This Wednesday, July 13, the full moon will be about 357,264 kilometers from Earth.according to the Institute of Celestial Mechanics and Ephemeris Calculation (IMCCE).

The Super Thunder Moon bears this name given by the Native American tribes because it coincides with the storm season due to the high heat of summer. It is also called the Deer Moon in Native American lore because deer antlers also grow back at this time of year.

The phenomenon of the Super Moon is only visible from countries where it is dark when it passes behind the Earth, as will be the case in France on Wednesday, July 13, from moonrise at 10:23 p.m. The Super Moon is only really observable after sunset, with the naked eye, using binoculars or telescopes. To be able to observe a Super Moon in optimal conditions, it is necessary to equip yourself with astronomical glasses or a telescope, away from atmospheric pollution, or go to one of the clubs of the French Astronomy Association (AFA). View map.

To be sure to see all the details of the upcoming Super Moon, you should arm yourself with a telescope or binoculars and be as far away from city lights as possible. The Super Moon can only be observed without a telescope if the weather is very good. To observe a Super Moon, the sky must not be cloudy.

In astronomy, this event is called “perigee-syzygia”, the name of Super Moon has nothing scientific, since it is an invention of the astrologer Richard Nolle in 1979. “A Super Moon occurs when the full moon coincides with the moment when that the Moon comes closest to Earth in its elliptical orbit, a point called perigee,” explains the NASA website.

By Super Moon, therefore, we mean a celestial phenomenon that is due to two elements: the only satellite of planet Earth passes closest to us when it is a full moon night.

A Super Moon appears slightly brighter and larger than a Full Moon, simply because it appears at perigee, at its closest point in orbit to Earth, less than 360,000 km away.

Due to the full moon’s proximity to our planet Earth, its effects have an even greater impact on tides, mood, and sleep. In fact, as a Swiss scientific study carried out in 2013 and published in the journal Current Biology explains, “a lunar rhythm can modulate the structure of sleep in humans.” This means that the time to fall asleep is prolonged by 5 minutes, deep sleep is reduced by 30%, and the duration of sleep is reduced by 20 minutes. Consequently, the level of melatonin, a hormone secreted during sleep, which has a role to play in mood, is lower, which can cause irritability or even depression.

If lunar eclipses can occur several times a year, the conjunction of the two phenomena (supermoon and total eclipse) is rare and gives rise to what is called the blood moon. Centuries ago, “blood moons” were perceived as heralding great catastrophes. Today we know that this color is due to the projection of sunlight. During the lunar eclipse, it is possible “to see the reflections on the lunar surface of all the sunrises and sunsets on Earth”, a phenomenon that results from “a rare alignment of these three astronomical cycles”, said Professor Jason Aufdenberg of the University Embry-Riddle Aeronautics in Florida.

If a supermoon is advertised as a super blue moon, it has nothing to do with its color. It is so called because it is the second full moon of a calendar month. An event that only happens every 19 years. The last Super Blue Moon was in January 31, 2018. The conjunction of the phenomena, super blue moon and super blood moon, has not occurred since March 31, 1866 and the next one will not occur before January 31, 2037. The use of the term “blue” would be the result of a blunder in an article in the American magazine of amateur astronomy. sky and telescope, in 1946. The article in question was entitled “Once in a Blue Moon” and was written by journalist James Hugh Pruett who misread the 1937 Maine Farmers’ Almanac. And so this confusing expression has gone around the world in a short time . .! Every two or three years, the year includes 13 full moons instead of 12. Therefore, the super blue moon is associated with the number 13. The beliefs of the Middle Ages associate these years with 13 full moons with natural disasters, but gardeners particularly prefer to evoke rain. unfavorable years for harvests.

The expression “Super Moon of the century” should be taken with a grain of salt. The last time our satellite came so close to Earth was in 1948. On November 14, 2016, the Moon had never been this big since 1948. NASA, who spoke of “super extra moon”, announced one of the ” most impressive lunar moons”. apparitions of the century.” But if you were hoping to see a giant Moon, you may have been disappointed. “This full moon [était] actually closest to Earth for the year 2016 […]but its change in apparent diameter [n’était] it is absolutely not easy to perceive with the naked eye”, explained scientific author Guillaume Cannat on his blog Around the sky. The concept of “Super Moon” would have been invented by an astrologer forty years ago, and clumsily used by the press office of NASA,” he continued. Although the phenomenon is quite exceptional, Guillaume Cannat warned us then about the “exceptional” character of observing it.

Mark the date of the next Super Moon on your calendar: on Wednesday August 10, 2022, scheduled at 7:08 p.m.. The next Super Blue Blood Moon will not occur again until January 31, 2037.

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