Virus

This old highly contagious disease, which disappeared years ago in France, is making a comeback!

Humanity has been fighting the spread of Covid for more than two years. As fearsome as it is ruthless, the ever-evolving virus is still present in many countries.

Lately it’s another virus thought to be eradicated that got people talking about him: polio. According to Le Monde, the virus reappeared in Uncle Sam’s country. Note that the last case registered in the country dates fromalmost ten years ago.

Detected a case of Poliomyelitis

On Thursday, July 21, 2022, US health authorities announcedpretty amazing news. A young man living in Rockland County has tested positive for polio. However, in the field, we thought we were done with the disease. The fact is that there were no cases of polio in the United States since 2013.

According to reports, the young American who contracted the polio virus He had not received his vaccination. The first symptoms, she began to feel about a month ago. A person who received the oral polio vaccine or OPV would be the source of your contamination.

You should know that this vaccine has not been used in the United States for more than two decades. In fact, it was in the year 2000 when it was administered for the last time. Therefore, health authorities believe that a person who were vaccinated abroad could infect the young.

In Rockland County, medical staff are waiting to see if there are any more cases of contamination. The authorities encourage residents to receive one dose as a precaution. For information, the case of polio contamination has decreased by 99% since 1988. The disease is now on the way to extinction and it is thanks to the vaccine.

The symptoms of the disease

Poliomyelitis is a contagious disease that mainly affects children. under 5 years old. Poliovirus is the name of the causative agent of the disease. exist 3 types. Since infected people show almost no signs, it is very difficult to detect the illness. Which is why some don’t know they’re sick until their condition worsens.

In general, the symptoms of poliomyelitis appear after 7 to 14 days after infection. They are manifested by fever, nausea, headache and vomiting. severe muscle pain and labored breathing can also appear.

In some cases, polio can cause partial paralysis. People who have had paralytic polio may see symptoms return after 15 to 40 years. Keep in mind that the risk of death from the disease is higher in adults. According to statistics, death occurs in 15 to 30% adults with paralytic poliomyelitis. only against 3 to 5% In children.

As for the mode of transmission, it is through feces or saliva. Sometimes the disease is also spread by water and food. For information, there is no No treatment for polio. to get vaccinated It is the only means of prevention.

Polio footprints in London

In June, British health authorities found traces of poliovirus in water from a London sewage treatment plant.

“It is important to note that the virus was isolated only from environmental samples; no associated cases of paralysis were detected,” explains the WHO.

British authorities believe that a person who was vaccinated abroad imported the virus. In fact, there are many countries who use the oral polio vaccine (OPV) during their vaccination campaigns.

To avoid a tragedy, the World Health Organization invited all countries to exercise caution. Especially those who “which have a high volume of travel and contacts with countries and areas affected by polio”.

The organization encouraged them to reinforce your follow-up in order to facilitate the detection of a possible importation of the virus.

“Any form of poliovirus, wherever it is found, poses a threat to children everywhere,” the WHO said at the time.


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