What blood sugar level is dangerous?  What strategies to maintain blood sugar balance?

What blood sugar level is dangerous? What strategies to maintain blood sugar balance?

If you live with diabetes, you probably know that living with the condition is like walking a tightrope. Staying in range without too many high (hyperglycemic) and low (hypoglycemic) blood sugars is a constant balancing act. But what blood sugar levels are considered really dangerous? This article will explore the question. We’ll give you tips on how you can help manage the ups and downs of diabetes – literally!

The Danger of Hyperglycemia: What Rate is Dangerous?

High blood sugar means there is too much sugar in the blood because the body lacks insulin. This can happen for many reasons! These include not taking enough insulin exogenously, exercising too little, eating too much, or even stress. Hormonal changes and lack of sleep also have health consequences. High blood sugar is dangerous, but it’s important to remember that high blood sugar is especially dangerous for long periods of time (unless you have diabetic ketoacidosis). This means that, for the most part, your blood sugar levels at the time of diagnosis will not cause long-term complications. The spike you saw last week from eating some ice cream won’t affect you in the long run.

But long-term, chronic high blood sugar (think of a lifetime of diabetes with a constant average blood sugar of 200 mg/dL) will lead to diabetes complications in most people.

What is high blood sugar and what level is dangerous?

What blood sugar level is dangerous for diabetes?

Blood sugar is considered high in people with diabetes once it is above the recommended 120 mg/dL, however having a blood sugar level of 145 mg/dL will usually not cause any problems (especially if you are going to sleep or plan to do some exercise) . For most people, hyperglycemia becomes symptomatic once blood sugar reaches 180-200 mg/dL.

Blood sugar levels above 200 mg/dL should be treated immediately with insulin (and water and exercise are helpful, too), and any blood sugar level above 250 mg/dL requires a test. urine ketone test to make sure you are not spiraling into diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). This is when the body’s blood becomes acidic due to prolonged and dangerously high levels of blood sugar and blood ketones. It can be fatal if not treated right away.

The danger of high hypoglycemia

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Low blood sugar can become much more dangerous faster. If left untreated, it can quickly lead to diabetic coma and death. Hypoglycemia will not cause permanent complications in most cases. On the other hand, if someone doesn’t suffer brain swelling and traumatic brain injury from slipping into a diabetic coma, that’s serious. But otherwise, it leads to frequent short-term complications in the form of a physical inability to function for a half. They need fast-acting glucose (or a dose of glucagon) as treatment.

The symptoms of low blood sugar can affect different people at different times, and some people may not feel their low blood sugar at all (hypoconsciousness), which can be very dangerous. Signs of low blood sugar are confusion, anger or frustration, sweating, a fast heartbeat, hunger, dizziness, and slurred speech. Blood glucose monitoring systems and diabetes alert dogs can help people detect their depressions earlier, before they become life-threatening.

What is low blood sugar and is it dangerous?

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What blood sugar level is dangerous? For the average person with diabetes, hypoglycemia means anything below 80 mg/dL (for pregnant women, who need closer monitoring, hypoglycemia is below 60 mg/dL). Very low blood glucose is any reading below 40 mg/dL. Anything below 40 mg/dL is considered extremely dangerous and potentially fatal. A person is at significantly higher risk of slipping into a diabetic coma if they can’t get their blood sugar above 40 mg/dL for several hours. Therefore, hypoglycemia can become much more dangerous more quickly. If left untreated, it can quickly lead to diabetic coma and death.

Tips to Avoid High Blood Sugar and Hypoglycemia

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Walking the tightrope of living with diabetes is not easy. We have to work hard every day to make sure our blood sugar levels don’t go too high or too low, and that can be exhausting. Here are some strategies to help keep your blood sugar in balance:

  • Eat foods with a low glycemic index to keep your blood sugar stable.
  • Cook food at home, so you know all the ingredients of your food.
  • Stick to a routine and eat at the same time every day.
  • Get enough sleep!
  • Recheck your insulin doses to make sure you are not taking too much or too little.
  • If you counted the carbs in a meal and dosed your insulin for those carbs, eat the whole thing.
  • Regularly check the expiration dates on your insulin.
  • Always have fast-acting glucose and glucagon on hand.
  • Take all insulin and diabetes medications as prescribed.
  • Use a CGM or get a diabetes alert dog to help detect hypoglycemia if you are hypoconscious.
  • Choose a diabetes alert bracelet and learn how to regulate your blood sugar levels naturally by focusing on the right foods.
  • Work with your doctor to increase or decrease your insulin needs as you go through life changes (puberty, pregnancy, aging, training for a race, etc.).
  • Treat all high and low blood sugar levels early and often, before they become dangerous.

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